Friday, April 15, 2016

TSQL To identify queries which are candidates for Parameterization

While discussing the concepts of 'optimize for ad hoc workloads' and 'Forced Parameterization' in SQL Server I decided to modify an existing query I wrote to analyse the query performance from the cache (more on it here) to now analyse the adhoc queries for candidates which could benefit from parameterization.

;WITH CTE(QueryCount, StatementTextForExample, plan_handle, QueyHash, QueryPlanHash, CacheObjType, 
    ObjType) 
AS 
( 
   SELECT
    COUNT(query_stats.query_hash) AS QueryCount
    , MIN(query_stats.query_text) AS StatementTextForExample
    , MIN(query_stats.plan_handle) AS plan_handle
    , query_stats.query_hash AS QueryHash
    , query_stats.query_plan_hash AS QueryPlanHash
    , query_stats.CacheObjType
    , query_stats.ObjType
   FROM  
       ( 
           SELECT  
      qs.query_hash
      , qs.query_plan_hash 
      , qs.plan_handle
      , cp.cacheobjtype as [CacheObjType]
      , cp.objtype as [ObjType]
      , SUBSTRING(qt.[text], qs.statement_start_offset/2, ( 
                   CASE  
                       WHEN qs.statement_end_offset = -1 THEN LEN(CONVERT(NVARCHAR(MAX), qt.[text])) * 2  
                       ELSE qs.statement_end_offset  
                   END - qs.statement_start_offset)/2  
               ) AS query_text 
           FROM  
               sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs 
      INNER JOIN sys.dm_exec_cached_plans cp ON cp.plan_handle = qs.plan_handle
               CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.[sql_handle]) AS qt 
           WHERE qt.[text] NOT LIKE '%sys.dm_exec_query_stats%' 
     AND cp.objtype = 'AdHoc'
     --AND qs.last_execution_time BETWEEN DATEADD(hour,-1,GETDATE()) AND GETDATE() --change hour time frame
       ) AS query_stats 
 GROUP BY query_stats.query_hash
  , query_stats.query_plan_hash
  , query_stats.CacheObjType
  , query_stats.ObjType
 HAVING COUNT(query_stats.query_hash) > 1
) 
SELECT  
   CTE.QueryCount
   , CTE.CacheObjType
   , CTE.ObjType
   , CTE.StatementTextForExample
   , tp.query_plan AS StatementPlan
   , CTE.QueyHash
   , CTE.QueryPlanHash 
FROM 
   CTE 
   OUTER APPLY sys.dm_exec_query_plan(CTE.plan_handle) AS tp 
ORDER BY CTE.QueryCount DESC; 
--ORDER BY [Total IO] DESC; 

When you identify these candidates you then need to look at what is the most appropriate resolution such as.

  1. Rewrite the query at the application layer to ensure it is called with parameterization from the data provider
  2. Rewrite the query as a stored procedure
  3. Enable 'optimize for ad hoc workloads' on your SQL instance
    EXEC sys.sp_configure N'optimize for ad hoc workloads', N'0'
    GO
    RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE
    GO
    
  4. Enable 'Forced Parameterization' on the affected database
    USE [master]
    GO
    ALTER DATABASE [AdventureWorksPTO] SET PARAMETERIZATION SIMPLE WITH NO_WAIT
    GO
    
Of cause the appropriate option really depends on a larger view of your environment and applications that only you can determine. If you do have any thoughts on this please feel free to add them to the comments below to help others.

Word of caution too. Before adjusting any sp_configure settings with RECONFIGURE make sure you run the following to check for any settings which are not yet active. It is expected to see 'min server memory (MB)' in the results of this though if you leave the setting default at 0 as SQL must reserve the minimum memory possible which is 16mb.
SELECT * FROM sys.configurations
WHERE Value <> value_in_use


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